Ashfield Valley Primary School

Reading

Phonics

At Ashfield Valley we use Letters and Sounds which is a phonics resource aimed to build children’s speaking and listening skills as we as prepare children to for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. Letters and sounds is a systematic approach for teaching children to read using phonics. The programme is split into six phases, from starting to learn about sounds in Nursery to becoming fluent readers by the age of 7. The phonics approach encourages us to directly link letters (graphemes) to sounds (phonemes), and to teach children pure sounds so children learn how to put sounds that are represented by letters or letter groups together to read words.   

There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practitioners and Teachers.  

 

Phase

Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.